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Georgia is an ideal destination for studying! Higher education at high class level, historical and cultural cities, beautiful landscape and plenty of people from all over the world. Get to know more about Georgia !

Post-Pandemic Georgia for International Visitors

The Global Situation

Coronavirus has served as a reminder of our mortality, the changing hierarchy of life’s priorities and the indiscriminate equality with which Mother Nature treats us all. Worldwide devastation of immense proportions caught us all off-guard. The numbers are well-known. As of this writing (June 1), according to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, the total number of cases worldwide is 6.15 million and the number of deaths stands at 372 thousand. No one was ready; no one could possibly be ready. The dead will be mourned and lessons will be learned, unfortunately, the hard way.


Kartli - Land of the first Europeans.

This historical region is separated into two parts, lower and upper (inner) Kartli. Here in the city of the medieval era – “Dmanisi”, in the begging of XXI century archaeologists found various bones dating back to 1,8 million years! They were buried in the volcanic ash coming from a now dormant volcano. The “Homo-Georgicus” were then perceived as being the first humans in all of Europe and Asia. This discovery along with other archaeological treasures like mass burial sites and ancient pieces of jewellery and weapons showed us that humans nurtured the rich and beautiful lands of the Caucasus region millions of years ago. 


History of Georgia.

 “Georgians – The First Europeans”.

 The Georgian Homo-sapiens – “Homo-Georgicus”, dates all the way back to 1.8 mils. Year old county of Dmanisi. Discovery of this ruins was extremely important and sparked the theory that Georgians are admiring till this day – “Georgians – The First Europeans”. Of course, Dmanisi people didn’t represent a civilization, but it’s a very big footnote in our history. Civilizations came much later in 8th century BC, represented by Colchis and Diaokhi (Iberia), both speaking unique Kartvelian language and representing Georgian ethnicity.  Merging of this two down the line will resolve in the creation of the Kingdom of Georgia.


King Vakhtang Gorgasali - Founder of Tbilisi

Vakhtang ruled in V Century. Name “Gorgasali” was given to him by the Persians, it means - “Wolf Head”. He was an outstanding reformer and has reigned for 45 years! He ascended to the throne at the young age of 15, nevertheless went into history as one of the most celebrated kings of Georgia and a legendary and fearless leader. He is recognised as a saint by the orthodox church of Georgia. 

From the moment of his Coronation, his first order was to mobilize the army. And at the age of 16, he has launched a massive campaign against the kidnappers of his sister from the north Caucasus – Alans. He emerged victorious and freed his sister from enemy's imprisonment, by this glorious conquest he established dominance in the north. This success made Vakhtang a hero and in one of the Georgian folk songs, it’s described how mountains would “crumble” from the power of the young king.


Exquisite Georgian Cuisine.

More than a thousand years of development and nurture brought to us delicious and wonderful – Georgian cuisine. Our dishes represent a crucial part of our culture. It tastes like nothing else in the world. This distinct and flavorful taste is created by our Georgian spices, sauces that will intrigue your taste-buds, well-developed cheese cultures, the culture of bread-making and 8000-year-old wine preservation and nurture tradition. While enjoying the breath-taking views of this heavenly country, it will fill you with food so delicious that it’ll make your soul happy. Every part of Georgia will offer something different. Let’s dive into this paradise of flavours.


The Currency of Georgia - Georgian Lari (GEL).

The history of currency issued by The Government of Georgia, Started in 1993. It was Called “Kuponi” and due to the political instability was undergoing massive inflation. The situation got so bad, that at one point 1 USD = 1 300 000 GEK (Georgian Kuponi). Things Changed when in 1995 The National Bank of Georgia, with the grant by President Eduard Shevardnadze replaced “Kupons” with “Lari”. The national gold treasury was created and the rate has massively stabilized. In 1995, DEC 31 1 USD = 1,24 Gel.

Through its years, Georgian Lari had its ups and downs, but to this day it remained relatively stable and inflation is very gradual and controlled. Today as of me writing this article on the 4th of January official rate of Bank of Georgia is 1 USD = 2.86 GEL (Georgian Lari).

 


Racha-Lechkhumi - Underrated Hikers Paradise.

The distant and alluring, lost between mountains of Main Caucasus Mountain Range is Racha-Lechkhumi. It served as a residency of Imeretian Kings for centuries. Those magnificent royal houses couldn’t withstand the wrath of history and nature, but what remains is a heritage, culture and fascinating people – renowned foresters, hard-working builders, fishers, master horse riders and wine-makers.  Let’s dive into this hugely underrated and often overlooked beauty of a region, with its glorious mountains, glaciers, “Bottomless” lakes, waterfalls, caves, churches and castles, with three main cities: Ambrolauri, Tsageti and Oni.


Borjomi - Natural Treasure.

For the true nature lovers out there, you just simply can’t miss the opportunity to witness this heaven on earth. This magical little town with the vast and immersing forest surrounding it is blessed with natural volcanic mineral water supply, which is coming from the dept of earth’s crust. There are signs that this area was populated in the I century. Some archaeological discoveries also make it possible that even back then, people were using this delightful water supply. Centuries later, due to the Persian raids, the city of Borjomi was destroyed and Its resources are forgotten.


Batumi – the Las Vegas of Georgia (With Sea).

Batumi was founded in the XIII century. In old times traders from Greece would come here to show off their goods. locals, on the other hand, would intrigue them with delicious wines and gold trinkets. To this day, it’s trading capital of Georgia and its economic significance can’t be underestimated. Population 152 839, second biggest in Georgia.


Kutaisi – the Natural Pearl of West Georgia.

Kutaisi was founded in the middle of the VIII Century. Throughout all its history, it was one of the most important cities in Georgia. It’s culturally and industrially significant and has served as an undisputed capital of west Georgia for more than a thousand years. Today Kutaisi is the third biggest city with a population of 147,000 people. An active Parliament of Georgia is located here.


Mtskheta – the Cultural and Religious Centre

Mtskheta is truly a special city and it represents the rich history of Georgia. located 21 km. away from Tbilisi. The entire city is a UNESCO World Heritage site and was the capital of Georgia until the XI Century. This beautiful area was even inhabited in bronze age four thousand years ago! Even though it lost its strategic significance after Tbilisi became the capital and the damage done by the foreign invasions had left its mark, Mtskheta to this day is a huge cultural and religious center due to Heritage sites like Svetitskhoveli, Jvari Monastery, Bebris Fortress Pompey Bridge and much more. 


Samtskhe-Javakheti - Nature, Dormant Volcanoes and a Lot of Gooses.

Truly a captivating site, once known as “Meskheti”. Unique in so many ways and unforgettable for millions of visitors. This region of our magnificent country was countless times called the “cradle of Georgia's glory” and its, significance and cultural advancements simply can’t go unnoticed. “In educational matters, Meskheti for Georgians is what Greece is for the entire humanity” – says Georgian historian Mose Janashvili.


Kakheti - Capital of Bread & Wine.

Georgia is the blessed land of hospitality, built up by a policy of Bread & Wine. This region holds this policy extremely close to the heart. Located east of Tbilisi on plains of Alazani river is gorgeous - Kakheti. Filled with vineyards and vine houses, most notably - Chateau Mukhrani. The residency of prince Mukhranbatonis’ dynasty that dates all the way back to 1512.


What You Need to Know About The Ruling Party of Georgia.

Current ruling party of Georgia: “Georgian Dream” was founded on 21st April of 2012 By Billionaire Bidzina Ivanishvili – the Richest man in Georgia. It came to power on 1st October 2012 and set Pro-Europeanism and Social-Democracy as their primal ideology. President of Georgia Salome Zurabishvili is a member of the party. Prime minister of Georgia is Giorgi Gakharia, also part of the “Georgian Dream” and 89 out of 150 seats in the Georgian Parliament also belongs to Them. Their slogan: “Freedom, Rapid Development, Welfare”. The government system is predominately Parliamentary and President is obsolete. The De-jure leaders are Prime minister Giorgi Gakharia and his Ministers assemble.


Intriguing Svaneti.

Svaneti is the most distinct and mountainous area of Georgia. People here are so different from other parts of the country. They are called Svans and they retained most of the old traditions. To this day, they mostly follow the ways of the past and respect, protect and nurture their heritage by all costs. Svans' character is mostly shaped by their surroundings. This area is scattered between heights of 2000 meters in lower Svaneti, to all the way up to 5000 meters! The highest peak of Georgia is located here – Shkhara (5201 meters).


Political History of Georgia

Georgia became a modern political player on May 26, 1918, after the collapse of The Russian Empire. For the first time in its history, the country wasn’t ruled by a “Bagrationi” Royal Family member or a foreign Governor. A new democratic party was assembled, led by Noe Zhordania. On February 21, 1921 the first Constitution of Georgia was introduced by the ruling party. At the time, it was one of the most progressive constitutions in all of Europe. Tragically, it was only in effect for 4 days. On February 25, 1921 the Red Army annexed Georgia and made it a part of the Soviet Union.


Georgian Culture.

Georgian culture is very distinct and unique in Its own way. Georgians people are extremely proud of their heritage and are renowned for their hospitality, for us every guest is sent by god. Georgian culture was shaping up for more than two thousand years and resembles Elements of Anatolian, European, Persian, Arabian, Ottoman and Far Eastern cultures.


Tbilisi - Capital of Georgia

Tbilisi is the capital city of Georgia. Founded in the 5th century by King Vakhtang Gorgasali, when he discovered natural volcanic hot springs while hunting in the area. That’s why King Vakhtang named it “Tbilisi” (“Tbili” means warm in Georgian).  The population of 1.5 million people.

Geographically, it’s located between the main and small Caucasus mountain ranges, along the Mtkvari River. Tbilisi’s location played a large role in its development and has strategic importance. Many surrounding mountains serve Tbilisi as natural defensive barriers, which were a great help historically. All roads in the Caucasus lead to Tbilisi.

Tbilisi is governed by the active political party “Georgian Dream” who has been in power since the 2012 parliamentary election. The current Mayor is Mr Kakha Kaladze, who has been governing Tbilisi since November 13, 2017. Mr Kaladze has done a lot as a Mayor: he modernized the public transportation system, introduced taxi reform and issued various massive renovation projects of roads, parks, historical buildings and even entire districts.


Embrace the Georgian Winter - Gudauri and Stepantsminda

Snow is a natural treasure that not every country possesses, yet the richness of Georgia is unimaginable. Sometimes overlooked by Georgia’s sub-tropical gems, you just can’t afford to miss out on its magnificence in winter. The main destinations are: Gudauri, Stepantsminda and Svaneti – which deserves an article of its own. We’ll discuss Gudauri and Stepantsminda together because they are both parts of The Kazbegi Municipality.

 

Gudauri

Gudauri is a small town dedicated to cosy hotels, ski resorts, breath-taking views and fun times with friends. Still want more? Well, for the adventurous and fearless there’s paragliding! Fly like a Georgian eagle between the Southern Caucasus Mountains which range from 2000 to 3000 meters. 


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